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MYANMAR& #039; S REPRESSIVE MILITARY USES ISRAELI DRONES, DESPITE ANALYSIS ON SALES ASSOCIATED WITH SUCH TECH IN ORDER TO MYANMAR, AS WELL AS SWEDISH IPHONE CRACKING SOFTWARE PROGRAM, WESTERN SPYWARE (HANNAH BEECH/NEW YORK TIMES)

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israeli myanmar swedish iphone yorktimes During a half millennium of military rule , Myanmar’s totalitarian equipment were crude yet effective. Men within sarongs shadowed democracy activists, neighbors advised on each other plus thugs brandished business lead pipes.

The particular generals, who staged the coup a month ago, are actually back in charge having a far more sophisticated toolbox at their disposal: Israeli-made monitoring drones, European apple iphone cracking devices plus American software that may hack into computer systems and vacuum upward their contents.

Some of this technologies, including satellite plus telecommunications upgrades, assisted people in Myanmar go online and incorporate with the world right after years of isolation . Other systems, such as spyware and adware, were sold because integral to modernizing law enforcement agencies.

But critics state a ruthless armed forces , which maintained the dominance over the economic climate and powerful ministries even as it quickly shared power having a civilian government, used facade of democracy to enable sensitive cybersecurity and defense buys.

Some of these “dual-use” technologies, tools associated with both legitimate police force and repression, are now being deployed by the Tatmadaw, as the Myanmar army is known, to target competitors of the Feb. one coup — the practice that echoes actions taken towards critics by Tiongkok, Saudi Arabia, South america and other governments.

Within Myanmar, they are the electronic weapons for an accelerating campaign in which security causes have killed at least twenty five individuals and detained a lot more than 1, 100, such as the ousted civilian head, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. Upon Monday, she had been hit with brand new criminal charges — making a statement which could alarm the public plus inducing someone to react against the state — that could put the girl in prison for a long time.

“The army is now using all those very tools in order to brutally crack upon peaceful protesters jeopardizing their lives in order to resist the army junta and recover democracy, ” mentioned Ma Yadanar Maung, a spokeswoman intended for Justice For Myanmar, a group that displays the Tatmadaw’s violations.

Hundreds of pages associated with Myanmar government costs for the last two financial years viewed from the New York Times display a voracious hunger for the latest within military-grade surveillance technologies.

The paperwork, provided by Justice Regarding Myanmar, catalog many millions of dollars earmarked pertaining to technology that can my own phones and computer systems, as well as track people’s live locations plus listen in to their particular conversations. Two parliamentary budget committee users, who requested invisiblity given the delicate political climate, mentioned these proposed finances for the Ministry associated with Home Affairs plus Ministry of Transportation and Communications shown actual purchases.

The budgets fine detail companies and the features of their tools. In most cases, they specify the particular proposed uses, such as combating “money laundering” or investigating “cybercrime. ”

“What you see the Myanmar military putting together is really a comprehensive suite associated with cybersecurity and forensics, ” said Ian Foxley, a specialist at the Center meant for Applied Human Legal rights at the University associated with York. “A large amount of this is electronic combat capability stuff. ”

Credit… The New York Periods

Mount of Myanmar’s contemporary surveillance state offers depended partly upon patrons like Cina and Russia which have few qualms regarding equipping authoritarians. They have also relied upon Western companies that will saw the country’s five years of hybrid civilian-military rule as an opening, legitimately and politically, to develop a frontier marketplace in what appeared to be the nascent democracy.

Beginning in 2016, the particular Tatmadaw handed several authority to a civilian government led simply by Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi’s Nationwide League for Democracy, which won 2 landslide electoral requires. Despite inching towards democracy, the army maintained significant control of spending, particularly to get defense, law enforcement as well as other security affairs.

The documents suggest that dual-use security technology made by Israeli, American and Euro companies made the way to Myanmar, regardless of many of their home government authorities banning such exports after the military’s intense expulsion of Rohingya Muslims within 2017.

During countries that did not officially block this kind of trade, many Traditional western purveyors had clauses in their corporate recommendations barring their technologies from being used in order to abuse human legal rights.

In the majority of egregious cases, companies supplied surveillance equipment and weaponry towards the military and the ministries it controlled, evading arms embargoes plus export bans. Within others, they ongoing to sell dual-use technologies without conducting research about how it might be utilized and who may use it.

Frequently , they depended upon military-linked brokers who also thrive in the shadowy interstices, allowing the particular Tatmadaw to acquire the various tools of oppression not directly from foreign businesses.

Hardware which was sold to the law enforcement to catch crooks is being used to monitor opponents of the hen house online and offline.

Documentation for post-coup arrest warrants, that have been reviewed by The Situations, shows that Myanmar’s safety forces have triangulated between their critics’ social media posts as well as the individual addresses of the internet hookups to get where they live. Such investigator work could just have been carried out by utilizing specialized foreign technologies, according to experts along with knowledge of Myanmar’s monitoring infrastructure.

“Even under a civilian federal government, there was little oversight of the military’s expenses for surveillance technologies, ” said Ko Nay Yan Oo, a former fellow on the Pacific Forum from the Center for Tactical and International Research who has studied the particular Myanmar military. “Now we are under army rule, and they can perform everything they want. ”

Credit… The New York Occasions

1 particularly large portion of the budget allocations addresses the latest ware designed for phone-cracking and computer-hacking. Those systems are often designed for use simply by militaries and law enforcement forces, and many global export bans consist of such technology.

The 2020-2021 Ministry of Home Matters budget allocations consist of units from MSAB, a Swedish business that supplies forensic data tools pertaining to militaries around the world. These types of MSAB field devices can download the particular contents of mobile phones and recover removed items, according to notations in the budget.

Henrik Tjernberg, the particular chairman of MSAB, said that some of the company’s “legacy technology” acquired ended up in Myanmar a few years ago, however it no longer sold products there because of an Eu export ban upon dual-use products which you can use for domestic clampdown, dominance. Mr. Tjernberg failed to answer questions about how exactly his products wound up in the latest spending budget.

U Thein Tan, another person in the parliamentary spending budget committee, said that many other lawmakers felt unpleasant with all the spyware within the budgets but that will questioning anything to perform with the security solutions was taboo just for civilian politicians.

“To be sincere, we did realise that they were using the technical devices for poor purposes, like security of the people, ” said Mr. Thein Tan. “But the issue is we don’t understand what kind of technological gadgets these would be due to the fact we lack understanding of the technology. ”

International overview has made a difference. This past year, MSAB and Cellebrite, among other Traditional western cyber-surveillance firms, picked up of Hong Kong, in which the police used mobile phone hacking technology in order to democracy activists.

In Myanmar, the most recent budget also integrated MacQuisition forensic software program designed to extract plus collect data through Apple computers. The program is made by BlackBag Technologies, an American corporation that was bought this past year by Cellebrite associated with Israel. Both businesses also make various other sophisticated tools in order to infiltrate locked or even encrypted devices plus suck out their particular data, including location-tracking information.

Credit… The New You are able to Times

A spokeswoman for that company said that Cellebrite stopped selling to Myanmar in 2018 which BlackBag had not marketed to the country because it was acquired this past year. The company, she mentioned, does not sell in order to countries sanctioned from the United States, European Union, The uk or Israel.

“In the extremely uncommon case when our own technology is used in a fashion that does not meet worldwide law or will not comply with Cellebrite’s beliefs, we immediately banner these licenses pertaining to nonrenewal and do not supply software updates, ” the spokeswoman mentioned.

Cellebrite equipment and software happen to be used by the police to obtain evidence in courtroom cases, according to Oughout Khin Maung Zaw, one of Myanmar’s best human-rights lawyers who will be representing Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi, the ousted civilian leader.

The particular technology was displayed as central towards the 2018 trial associated with two Reuters reporters who uncovered proof of a Rohingya massacre the year before. Mister. Khin Maung Zaw represented the two media.

In court papers, the police said they had collected data from the detained reporters’ phones using Cellebrite forensic technology. The information helped convict the particular reporters, in what human being rights groups have got said were politically motivated cases.

Cellebrite said that following the Reuters case had been publicized, “these permit were unequivocally not really renewed. ” The business now has the ability to distantly suspend the permit, essentially erasing the application from its machinery plus rendering the gadgets useless.

Mister. Khin Maung Zaw, the human rights attorney, said that the police once again presented Cellebrite proof in trials he or she worked on in 2019 and 2020. The particular cases related to an area in the telecommunications regulation on online defamation, which human legal rights groups say is utilized to criminalize refuse.

“The cybersecurity department is still making use of that technology, ” Mr. Khin Maung Zaw said. “To my knowledge, each uses Cellebrite to check and recover information from cellphones. ”

Credit… Ye Aung Thu/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

In many instances, government authorities do not buy military-grade technology directly from the businesses that make them but rather go through middlemen. The particular intermediaries often hide their intentions at the rear of business registrations meant for education, construction or even technology companies, even while they post pictures on social media associated with foreign weaponry or even signing ceremonies along with generals.

Middlemen can give Western businesses distance from working face-to-face with dictators. But international embargoes and dual-use bans still hold technology firms liable for the conclusion users of their items, even if resellers associated with deals.

Probably the most prominent surveillance technologies middlemen in Myanmar is Dr . Kyaw Htun, the Myanmar national whom studied at a Ruskies university and Myanmar’s Defense Services Technical Academy, the military’s elite training surface. Many of the top workers at MySpace Worldwide and other firms he or she founded share exactly the same educational pedigree.

His connections had been extensive. At protection procurement fairs, Doctor Kyaw Htun showed off Western spy ware to crowds associated with men in standard, and he boasted upon social media about web hosting an American defense producer in Myanmar. Myspace . com International is on the website of a Czech defense and lab equipment maker like a “partner. ”

Dr . Kyaw Htun’s wife will be the daughter of a high-ranking Tatmadaw officer who have served as ambassador to Russia. She actually is named as the Myanmar agent for a Ruskies stun gun producer.

The two individuals with knowledge of police procurements said that Dr . Kyaw Htun’s businesses supply most of the brought in Western surveillance technologies for the Myanmar law enforcement. A list of successful latest tenders from the Ministry of Home Matters includes MySpace Worldwide, and the company’s site had the Ministry of Defense amongst its clients.

The website also a new section on electronic forensic technology that will cited MSAB, BlackBag and Cellebrite amongst its “main providers, ” with considerable descriptions of each firm’s offerings.

Doctor Kyaw Htun declined to talk to The Times.

“We are not a big firm, ” said Ko Tet Toe Lynn, the assistant common manager for Myspace . com International. He would not really answer questions as to what products the company resells, saying there were a lot of to remember.

Cellebrite said that neither this nor BlackBag had been “affiliated” with 4 of Dr . Kyaw Htun’s businesses, including MySpace Worldwide. The Israeli company did not say that its reseller within Myanmar was.

The day after The Situations posed extensive queries about the relationship in between MySpace International plus Cellebrite, the entire Bebo International website has been taken down.

Credit… The New You are able to Times

While some imported security equipment is considered dual-use, other technology is definitely clearly meant for army purposes. International hands embargoes prohibit this kind of systems from getting exported to Myanmar.

By 2018, Israel had basically blocked military exports to Myanmar, right after it emerged that will Israeli weaponry had been sold to an military accused of genocidal actions against the Rohingya ethnic minority. The particular embargo extends to aftermarket.

Two years later on, Myanmar Future Technology, a company that phone calls itself an academic and teaching help supplier, signed documents reviewed by The Instances agreeing to services military-grade surveillance drones made by Elbit Techniques, an Israeli hands manufacturer. Senior Style. Min Aung Hlaing, the Tatmadaw main who led the particular coup last 30 days, visited Elbit’s workplaces during a 2015 visit to Israel.

The particular company’s drones have already been connected to ongoing issues in Myanmar. This past year, an ethnic equipped group fighting the particular Tatmadaw in considerably western Rakhine Condition said it experienced seized an Elbit drone that had been soaring over a battle area.

U Kyi Thar, the chief professional of Myanmar Upcoming Science, confirmed that will his company started the repair focus on the drones at the end of 2019 and ongoing into 2020.

“We ordered the particular spare parts from the Israeli company called Elbit because they have top quality and Elbit is definitely well-known, ” Mister. Kyi Thar mentioned.

A speaker for Elbit declared that it has had simply no dealings with Myanmar since 2015 or even 2016.

“Myanmar’s military is very shut, and Israel is extremely closed, ” stated Siemon Wezeman, the senior researcher using the arms and army expenditure program in the Stockholm International Peacefulness Research Institute. “Who knows what happens within there? ”

Despite the export prohibit, Israeli defense technologies continues to turn up within unexpected places.

Credit… Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

On February. 1, the day from the coup, military specialists were surprised to find out armored vehicles manufactured by Gaia Automotive Industrial sectors, an Israeli producer, rolling through Naypyidaw, the capital. The experts, which includes Mr. Wezeman plus a person familiar with Myanmar’s defense procurements, stated the vehicles utilized in the coup showcased Gaia’s distinctive engine handles, air inlets and headlight configurations.

The automobiles did not go into bulk production until following the Israeli ban upon military exports.

Shlomi Shraga, the top of Gaia Auto, said that he had not really seen any pictures of the company’s automobiles cruising through the Myanmar capital during the hen house. He stressed that every his exports got the requisite permit from Israel’s Ministry of Defense.

“Let’s hope which the people of Myanmar live in peace plus under a democratic routine, ” Mr. Shraga said.

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Douyin develops desktop chat software, experts say it is difficult to compete with WeChat

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The Chinese media Times Finance reported on the 4th that the Douyin chat desktop has been launched, and two versions of Windows and Mac have been developed. The update time is December 30, 2022, and the latest version is 1.0.0. However, according to expert analysis, Douyin chat is difficult The success path of copying WeChat.

According to the report, users need to scan the QR code of the Douyin app to log in to the Douyin chat desktop, but only the two pages of chat messages and friends list can be switched, and the chat function only supports sending pictures, texts and chat emoticons, and can initiate group chats. chat, and supports searching usernames to add friends.

A Douyin user with the pseudonym Chen Chen said after a trial that the current Douyin chat function is too single, and it is better to chat directly in Douyin.

She said that the most common daily conversations in Douyin are sharing short videos and videos to private messages among friends, and leaving comments to each other. On the Douyin chat desktop, although it is possible to receive audio and video from friends, it is still more convenient to swipe and chat on the phone. There is no function on the desktop to support her continued use.

The report said that after all, Douyin’s built-in chat function has more playability, including the ability to open video chats on the interface of sending messages, plus Douyin’s popular filters, and you can also watch short videos with friends, grab red envelopes, and play with you Draw my guess, backgammon and other small games.

Douyin has never given up its dream of developing social functions. Group CEO Zhang Nan said in 2021 that Douyin’s “social interaction is a natural process.” The interactive needs expressed by users began to ferment within Douyin, promoting Douyin’s social interaction.

Nevertheless, the industry generally believes that it is still difficult for Douyin to shake WeChat’s status as a national-level application.

In the third quarter of last year, the monthly active users of WeChat and WeChat reached 1.3 billion. After all, for many users, WeChat is not only a communication tool, but also an office application software, a social platform, and a payment tool.

Pan Helin, co-director and researcher of the Digital Economy and Financial Innovation Research Center of Zhejiang University International Joint Business School, said that Douyin is almost the most successful social networking site in recent years in terms of short video and audio, which has contributed to Douyin’s deep socialization in personal domains. circle, and launched Douyin chat.

However, Pan Helin said that Douyin chat is still difficult to replicate the successful path of WeChat chat tools, and said that Douyin short video and audio can become a tool for group chats of specific groups such as cultural groups and fan groups, but it will not become a private platform like WeChat. domain domain tools.

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Vietnam’s garment industry is optimistic after the epidemic disappears: exports will look at US$48 billion in 2023

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Vietnam takes textile exports as an important economic pillar. Industry insiders predict that looking forward to 2023, under an optimistic scenario, Vietnam’s annual textile and garment exports will reach US$48 billion. Even in the basic scenario, it can reach US$45 billion, but it is not ruled out. possibility of recession.

The Vietnamese media “VnExpress” reported that Vu Duc Giang, chairman of the Vietnam Textile and Apparel Association (VITAS), said that under optimistic conditions, the global economy will stabilize, and clothing demand is expected to recover before the end of the first quarter. It is expected to reach $47 billion to $48 billion.

Under the basic scenario, that is, global clothing demand will recover in the second half of 2023, and the annual textile and clothing exports may reach 45 billion to 46 billion US dollars.

Experts are optimistic about the industry prospects in 2023, on the grounds that the COVID-19 epidemic is under control, countries around the world are adapting to the new normal, and the Asia-Pacific region will be the fastest growing region in the world in 2023. In addition, China’s abandonment of the zero-clearing policy and the reduction of logistics costs are also expected to boost demand for Vietnam’s garment orders.

However, Le Tien Truong, chairman of Vietnam’s largest garment manufacturer “Vinatex” (Vinatex), warned that the worst scenario, that is, the global economy falls into recession, and the textile and garment export volume in 2023 may be higher than that in 2022. Reduced by about 5%.

Textile exports are Vietnam’s third largest source of export revenue. According to the General Department of Vietnam Customs (General Department of Vietnam Customs), from January to November 2022, Vietnam’s textile and garment exports totaled US$34.645 billion, an increase of 18.9% over the same period in 2021.

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response microsoft europefoleyzdnet

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response microsoft europefoleyzdnet Microsoft’s European arm is responding to the recent ZDNet story about the company’s alleged anti-competitive practices. In a statement to Foley, a Microsoft spokesperson said: “We’re committed to competition and choice in every market where we operate.” The spokesperson went on to say that Microsoft is “disappointed” by the conclusions of the ZDNet story and that the company will “vigorously defend” itself against any allegations of anti-competitive behavior. response microsoft europefoleyzdnet

In response to the Microsoft Foley scandal, Europe is taking a stand. ZDNet’s European Editor, Foley, gives his opinion on the matter. He believes that while Microsoft may have broken the law, they did so in order to compete with Google and other companies. He also believes that the European Commission’s response is out of proportion to the situation. response microsoft europefoleyzdnet

In response to the recent Microsoft Europe data leak, Foley from ZDNet writes that “privacy concerns are nothing new for the company”. He goes on to say that “Microsoft has a long history of mishandling customer data”, and cites examples such as the Hotmail data leak in 2014 and the LinkedIn data breach in 2016.

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